BLADE-AWARE CLOSE QUARTERS COMBAT
"A proper flow is the instinctual ability to adapt to a confrontational situation naturally,
no matter the range or weapon."
GM Remy A. Presas, Founder of Modern Arnis
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE
OUR KALI COMBATIVES PROGRAM
The term Kali comes from an old Tagalog word Kalis meaning "skill with blades". Kali, like Arnis and Eskrima, is an umbrella term for the Filipino Martial Arts (FMA). However, unlike the terms Arnis and Eskrima, which arose during the Spanish colonial period among members of the martial arts communities of the Philippines, Kali was popularised as an umbrella term in the 1970s and 1980s by members of the Filipino-American diaspora, particularly in Hawaii and California, and arguably represents a distinct form of FMA that draws on classical Arnis/Eskrima traditions, while eclectically incorporating more recent Filipino-American additions, modifications and emphases. Kali techniques are built on the principle of blade-awareness (always moving with an understanding that your opponent is armed with a weapon, or could be armed with a concealed blade). This has led historically, to a distinct emphasis on energy-sensitivity, counter-trapping, and limb destruction methods; rather than an emphasis on ground grappling, for example, that may leave you vulnerable to: multiple opponents (one or more who may be armed); or a concealed blade drawn when you find yourself in a close quarters wrestling match. Kali training can thus provide an important and useful supplement to otherwise highly effective jujutsu methods. Our approach to Kali has its roots and inspiration in the Inosanto Kali we experienced during seminars in the early 1980s, and Modern Arnis of the 1990s, and derives from our analysis of a host of methods found across a range of contemporary Kali systems. While there are Largo Mano (Long Range) elements to each of our sub-systems, the emphasis in our Kali training, with the exception of the staff work, is on developing a Corto Mano (Close Range) game as a supplement to our emphasis on the Largo Mano systems of De Campo 123 Original and Bernas Estocadas. In practice, this means that the stick or blade is kept closer to the body, and methods for transitioning into and out of close range are emphasised.
DOUBLE STICK WEAVING STYLE
Our Double Stick sub-system focuses on the iconic use of two equal length sticks in Sinawali (weaving) motions that develop coordination, ambidexterity, and encourage use of the non-dominant hand, multi-weapon and range awareness. Sinawali was originally a fighting method of the Macabebe people of Pampanga, but has now become ubiquitous in the Filipino Martial Arts. Sinawali is practiced in a Pingki-Pingki (stick-to-stick contact) format, and provides the foundation for the Hubad Lubad (untie/tie) and Kadena De Mano (chain of hands) methods of Kali.
SINGLE STICK COVER & COUNTER STYLE
The Single stick sub-system focuses on the use of Sombrada (Shading) as a strategy and Contra y Contra (Counter for Counter) training method. Its key focus is to shield against the opponent's attack and enter with a devastating counterattack, or what we call "cover & counter". Sombrada is practiced in Largo (long), Medio (medium), and Corto (close) range.
SINGLE DAGGER CHAINING STYLE
Our Single Dagger sub-system focuses on close-quarters combat, and is designed to develop a reflexive ability to defend, control, and counter a knife attack. Mastery of the bladed game includes an ability to utilise the non-weapon hand to jam, pass, lock, or strike drawing on Hubad Lubad (untie/tie) counter-trapping as a base, and incorporating Palisut (sweep & pass), Para-Pasa (stop & pass), and Panastas (slash & cover). Its inherent logic as a blade-aware game also teaches useful Kadena De Mano (chain of hands) skills for close-quarters combat.
TWO-HANDED LONG WEAPON STYLE
Our Dos Manos (two-handed) Long Weapon sub-system focuses on the use of the staff, spear, or longsword, utilising a highly effective rotary striking action at long-range (similar to the Spanish Montante), and fast double-end deflection method (similar to Classical Japanese Jojutsu) in close quarters.