We offer training in the Filipino Martial Arts to provide opportunities for ordinary people to develop extraordinary skill with sticks and blades.
There are over 120 different language groups in the Philippines. Most are Malayo-Polynesian, while some are Chavacano (Spanish-influenced creoles). Tagalog, officially known as Filipino, is the national language (along with English). In the Filipino Martial Arts it is common for ex-pat Filipinos and non-Filipino speakers to use phonetic spellings or to draw from different languages, making terminology confusing. As the arts we teach are predominantly from the Visayan region of the Philippines, we aim to use Cebuano terminology as much as possible on this website, with spellings based on the Binisaya dictionary, so meanings can be independently tracked and verified.
We are a not-for-profit martial arts club, specialising in the teaching of the Filipino Martial Arts (FMA). All income generated from student fees goes into hall hire, equipment maintenance, and club promotion. Instructors offer their services without any financial remuneration. We teach because we love FMA, and want to share our passion with you too.
We offer training in the following:
De Campo 1-2-3 Original, the premiere Largo Mano (long hand) stick-fighting system of Eskrima developed by Jose Caballero in 1925.
Kali Mano, our eclectic stick and blade-focused Corto Mano (close quarters) combat method.
Dos Manos Largos, our two-handed long stick (staff or longsword) fighting method.
The Filipino Martial Arts (FMA) are commonly known as Arnis (from the Spanish word Arnes, related to the English word "harness" and referring to "armour") or Arnis De Mano (Armour of the Hand) in Luzon; Eskrima (from the Spanish word Esgrima related to the English word "skirmish" and meaning "fencing") in the Visayas; and Kali (from an old Tagalog word Kalis meaning "skill with blades") in the United States and Filipino diaspora. Fundamentally, all of these names refer to the same martial art family (in much the way Kung-Fu or Kuen Tao is used to describe Chinese Boxing systems).
The catalyst for the development of the Filipino Martial Arts (FMA), at least in the Visayas, was most likely the administration of 'the last conquistador' Governor-General Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera (1635-1644), who recruited and trained Christianised Cebuanos, Boholanos, Ilonggos and Macabebes in Iberian sword methods to support Spanish regulars in a campaign to pacify the Moro pirate threat from Sulu (Nepangue & Macachor, 2015).
Veterans are likely to have returned to the provinces, and taught their martial arts to other villagers, resulting in regional variation, as a consequence of individual specialisation, and independent evolution. Sword methods were adapted to accessible weapons such as bolo (machetes) and ulisi (sticks), a tradition that continues in the use of improvised weapons in FMA today.
Revolution and the struggle for independence in the 1890s triggered further evolution of FMA, while the early part of the 20th Century marked a period in which commercial clubs and academies emerged. Among the most significant include the Labangon Fencing Club (1920), Doce Pares (1932), Balintawak (1950s), the Lapunti Self Defence Club (1970s), and the Bakbakan (1980s). By virtue of the Republic Act No. 9850 (2009), Arnis is now recognised as the national sport of the Philippines and is required to be taught as part of Physical Education programs in schools.
BOOK IN FOR A TRIAL LESSON
Use the form to book in for a free trial class at the Kalisador's Club.
For your trial class, just come along in a t-shirt and shorts, tracksuit pants or tights. We wear all black so fitting in is easy. Shoes are optional. All equipment is provided.
Please specify the date you want to come in for your trial class on the form.This will let the Instructor know to expect you.
The core of our regular classes is the Eskrima system known as De Campo 1-2-3 Original. However, regular classes also cycle through aspects of our Kali Mano (bladed hand) edged weapon self-defence program.
DE CAMPO 1-2-3 ORIGINAL
OUR CORE STICK-FIGHTING PROGRAM
GM JOSE D. CABALLERO
A stick fight should be over in three seconds,
beyond that, be careful.
GM JOSE DIAZ CABALLERO
Our club specialises in De Campo 1-2-3 Original, the premier Largo Mano system of Eskrima, developed by Jose Diaz Caballero as his "original" system in 1925, at the age of 18. Ahead of his time, Caballero set out his system in a written "lesson plan" that still exists today. Caballero was to become famous as the Juego Todo champion of his time. Held during town fiestas, the Juego Todo was an all-out stick fight without protective equipment, where the only armour was the arnis stick in your hand.
The De Campo 1-2-3 Original system focuses on what might be called "high percentage techniques." As a Largo Mano system it focuses on "defanging the snake" by evading the opponent's attack while counter striking their weapon hand, and then entering with a barrage of powerful and lightning fast combinations in order to end the exchange. Using the 1-2-3 tactical formulae of fake, counter, strike, the De Campo stylist aims to blend strikes so seamlessly that three strikes may appear as one.
1. SKILL BUILDING
The foundation stage of a De Campo lesson involves lots of repetition of striking combinations so they enter into "muscle memory". Footwork and striking blend in powerful ways. Techniques are practiced slowly and smoothly during the orientation phase (6 reps) and then at high speed during the combative phase (7th rep), following the maxim "Slow is Smooth, Smooth is Fast". As the practitioner develops skill, this phase may include repetition of the entire curriculum, combined with the art's signature footwork methods.
2. ATTRIBUTE DEVELOPMENT
The second stage of a De Campo lesson involves drills designed to develop a range of combative attributes including:
strength, power, and endurance;
speed and timing (incl. broken rhythm);
blending (bounce-flow mechanics);
mobility, agility, and distancing;
targeting, accuracy and precision;
deception (faking and baiting).
3. PRESSURE TESTING
The final phase of a De Campo lesson involves pressure testing your capabilities while wearing protective equipment, from isolation drills designed to work upon a particular combative concept, through Hagad Hubad (hand-hunting), to Juego Combate ("play combat" or free sparring), understood as essential to skill, attribute and tactical development. Beginners may elect to spar with pool noodles as a way to build combat fitness and tactical perception, but as they progress padded sticks with a rattan core are the preferred sparring tool.
DE CAMPO 1-2-3 ORIGINAL
GROUP 1: ABECEDARIO
GROUP 2: DE ALFAVITO
GROUP 3: HORIZONTAL
GROUP 4: SERRADA
GROUP 5: ABIERTA
GROUP 6: DE CAMPO ORIGINAL
GROUP 7: REDONDO Y REDONDO
MIXING PRIMARY & ELEMENTARY
MIXING ABECEDARIO with GROUPS 6 & 7
MIXING DE ALFAVITO with GROUPS 6 & 7
MIXING HORIZONTAL with GROUPS 6 & 7
MIXING SERRADA with GROUPS 6 & 7
MIXING ABIERTA with GROUPS 6 & 7
GROUP 8: DOS MANOS DOS LARGOS
GROUP 9: DE CADENA DE CUERDAS
GROUP 10: HAGAD HUBAD ORIGINAL
MIXING PRIMARY & HIGH SCHOOL
MIXING ABECEDARIO with GROUPS 8 & 9
MIXING DE ALFAVITO with GROUPS 8 & 9
MIXING HORIZONTAL with GROUPS 8 & 9
MIXING SERRADA with GROUPS 8 & 9
MIXING ABIERTA with GROUPS 8 & 9
GROUP 11: THE 7 SPECIALS
DIRECT CHOP SERRADA
DIRECT CHOP ABIERTA
12 123 1234 1234567
23 234 2345
34 345 3456
45 456 4567
At higher levels, the worthy De Campo practitioner is introduced to GM Jose Caballero's Specialisation program (the equivalent of "postgraduate" study in the system). The specialisation program includes advanced striking combinations, a greater focus on Paspas (rapid) the art's signature footwork, combat strategy including the concept of Praksyon (fractional timing) so that you both "hit first, and hit last" (GM Jose Caballero), Kadlit (literally "striking a match") the basis of the art's signature three-strikes as one methodology, and bladework using the Pinuti (a cutlass type sword).
WANT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT DE CAMPO 123 ORIGINAL
Visit the De Campo 1-2-3 Original website below to gain access to a complete video series offering the full curriculum, featuring our teacher, Maestro Paolo Pagaling, and the head master of the system and grandson of the founder, Master Jomalin Caballero. Our deepest appreciation to them both for preserving and sharing this art.
Our Corto Mano (Close Quarters)
Stick & Blade Program
Our Kali Mano curriculum is an evolving, eclectic, modular, and concept-based approach to training Filipino Martial Arts (FMA), that has grown out of our continual research into FMA methods and tactics. It draws upon methods from, and registers the influence of, a range of Visayan styles of Filipino Martial Arts, focusing on Corto Mano (close quarters) combat; and incorporates strategy derived from both Filipino and Japanese martial traditions.
Originally the fighting method of the Macabebe merchants of Pampanga, who would cart cloth over their backs using two sticks, the Sinawali method is effective as both a double stick fighting method, and as a way of training the brain to see and adapt to new movement patterns. In order to activate the adaptive mental and physical aspect of stick weaving, the following training methods are used as "warm ups" in Kali Mano classes:
Advancing, Retreating, Circling
Standing vs Kneeling
Single vs Double Stick
Reverse (Scabbard) vs Standard (Sword) Grip
Simultaneous Sword & Scabbard Grips
Both Sides in Scabbard Grip
Switching Starting Chambers (Open to Closed, Closed to Open)
Starting on Non-Dominant Side
Accelerating and Breaking
Random Movement Under Pressure
Mirrored Sinawali patterns in Standard and scabbard grip
Chaining Sinawali patterns performed in acceleration mode
Training in Kali Mano is based around both Baston (stick) and Baraw (dagger), developed across five progressive training methods:
By the Numbers
Systematic defence against
nominated angles of attack, including follow up with
Amara (finishing flourishes)
Give and take,
counter for counter flow
defence and counter against
a restricted set of attacks
against a non-cooperative opponent who maintains pressure until subdued
Free sparring incorporating armed and unarmed methods across a range of scenarios
BARAW | Dagger (Weapon to Weapon) Series Example
This video series highlights aspects of the training mode progression in developing proficiency with the Baraw (dagger).
The first clip focuses on (#2) Sombrada drills, and the second clip on (#5) free sparring application.
Training in Kali Mano is organised around three specific combative possibilities: (1) You and your opponent have weapons; (2) Only your opponent has a weapon; (3) Neither you nor your opponent are armed.
Unarmed vs weapon
The second combative modality is to defend oneself unartmed against a weapon wielding opponent.
DIKIT | Butting Against (Stopping)
PA'TOL | Laying Upon (Passing)
AGAW | Depriving (Disarming)
PANAPOS | Finishing (or Exiting)
Weapon to Weapon
The first combative modality is to fight
weapon against weapon.
SOLO BASTON | Single Stick
DOBLE BASTON | Double Stick
BARAW | Dagger
ESPADA Y DAGA | Sword & Dagger
Hand to Hand
The third combative modality is defending oneself unarmed, against an opponent who is either unarmed or has been disarmed.
PANGAMOT | Dirty Boxing
SIKARAN | Low-Line Kicking
DUMOG | Grappling
MODES OF ENGAGEMENT
In Kali Mano five modes of engagement are identified and practiced as crucial to developing skill in Filipino Martial Arts:
MODE 1: HAPAK
Direct Strike with Weapon
The first mode of engagement involves evading the attack while simultaneously executing a direct counterstrike to their body, head, or weapon hand.
ABAKADA | Rudiments
LAMPAS | Striking Beyond (Through)
WITIK | Snap, Flick, Hack or Jab
REDONDO | Circular Whip
AMARA UNO | Single Energy Combinations
LAMPAS-LAMPAS | Ekis, Ocho Ocho, Planchada
WITIK-WITIK | Paypay, Abaniko
REDONDO-REDONDO | Doblada, Sero Sero
AMARA DOS | Multiple Energy Combinations
LAMPAS-WITIK | Iskrima
LAMPAS-REDONDO | Krusan, Doblete
REDONDO-WITIK | Pana, Rompida
SAKSAK-LAMPAS | Florette, Sungkit
MODE 2: PALIPAS
Divert with Hand & Counter
The second mode of engagement involves passing or jamming the opponent's weapon wielding limb, while striking with one's own weapon.
PAIWAS | Parrying
PALUSOT | Passing
PARA-PASA | Stop & Pass
DEKADENA | Chaining
HUBAD LUBID | Tying/Untying
SABAYAN | Simultaneous
MODE 3: ABATAN
Intercept with Weapon
The third mode of engagement involves meeting or merging with the opponent's weapon with your own weapon, deflecting or redirecting it, to open a line for an immediate counterstrike.
PASUGAT | Meeting the Force
FRAILE | Friar's Crucifix
PAYONG | Umbrella
PASUNOD | Following the Force
ANINO | Shadowing
PASUNGKIT | Hooking
PALIS-PALIS | Sweeping
BAGSAK | Knocking Down
HAGKOT | Tethering
MODE 4: SABAY
Weapon & Hand Together
The fourth mode of engagement involves using your weapon and supporting hand simultaneously to intercept, control and counter in a single action.
PANASTAS | Ripping
KRUZADA | Crossing
GUNTING | Scissoring
MODE 5: TAGPAS
The final mode of engagement involves penetrating your opponent's defence against your counterstrike.
HUBAD PASUGAT | Grab Escape
PAKUSOG | Intense Barrier Removal
DAKOP Y PUNYO | Catch & Pommel
KAMBIATA | Switching
KURBADA | Curving
DEKWERDAS | Threading
DALIN-AS | Sliding
ARKO | Rotating
LAKAS | Pulling-In
DOS MANOS LARGOS
Our Two-Handed Long Stick
(Staff or Longsword) Program
Our Dos Manos Largos curriculum focuses on the use of longer weapons that require two hands to wield, blending Filipino Sungkod (staff) and Bangkaw (spear), Classical Japanese Bo (Staff) of the Kukishin Ryu, and European longsword methods (particularly those of the Spanish Montante). Centrifugal force is maximised by swinging the weapon like a sword or bat at long-range, and manipulating the weapon like a boat oar, bayonet, or spear in close range. This is a particular useful weapon when facing multiple opponents.
GROUP 1: SUNGKOD | Staff Grip (Sliding Method)
GROUP 2: KAMPILAN | Broadsword Grip (Slashing Method)
GROUP 3: BANGKAW | Spear Grip (Lancing Method)
GROUP 4: BUGSAY | Boat Oar Grip (Paddling Method)
Robert 'Espada' Parkes
Our club is registered with the Martial Arts Industry Association as a member organisation of Kung Fu Wushu Australia Limited (Member No. A2114). As such we uphold and are bound by the following codes:
Dr Robert 'Espada' Parkes (BEd Hons Sydney, PhD Newcastle) is the Founder and Head Instructor of the Kalisadors Club. He is an accredited martial arts instructor (MAIA / KWA Accreditation No. A00606) who shares his knowledge and expertise with generosity and humour. A published author, editor, historian, and teacher educator, Robert holds the position of Associate Professor at the University of Newcastle, and is currently Acting Head of the School of Education (one of the largest teacher education providers in Australia).
This year (2020) marks 40 years since Robert first began training in the martial arts. He began his martial arts training in 1980 at the age of 14 and opened his first martial arts school at the age of 18, while still in high school. During this early phase of his martial arts career, he studied and gained teaching credentials in Wing Chun and Non-Classical Kung-Fu; and gained his first and for a long time his most influential exposure to Filipino Martial Arts, through seminars with Guro Dan Inosanto, that resulted in the incorporation of Filipino Martial Arts as the weapon curriculum during his Non-Classical Kung-Fu studies.
In his twenties Robert studied and taught Bujinkan Kobudo (also known as Ninjutsu and/or Ninpo Taijutsu), gaining the rank of 5th Degree Black Belt and title of Shidoshi (teacher of the warrior ways) in 1992, from Grandmaster Masaaki Hatsumi. During the 1990s Robert also gained a trainer qualification in Modern Arnis (GM Ernesto Presas lineage, later to be called Kombatan) through the Arjuken Martial Arts Association headed in Australia by Chris Traish.
Since 2015 Robert has also been studying the Afro-Brazilian martial art of Capoeira. His nickname 'Espada' (sword) was given to him by Mestre Borracha, head of Capoeira Aruanda, after seeing him playing with a Kali training sword. In 2019 he travelled to the Phillipines with his daughter, Rebekah 'Serenata' Parkes, to study De Campo 1-2-3 Original, the famous, but little known, system of Eskrima of the Caballero family of Toledo, under the wonderful and insightful guidance of Maestro Paolo Pagaling.
CLASS TIMES & LOCATIONS
SATURDAYS 10:00 - 12:00 PM
Scheduled time includes 30 minute optional free practice session after 90 minute class.
THE UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE
Callaghan NSW 2308
We train at the Basketball Courts located between the CBA Building and the Hunter Union Building otherwise known as the Bar-on-the-Hill.
Download Map (Ref: G11).
COMING BY CAR
If arriving by car, parking is free in the university grounds on weekends.
COMING BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT
There are many bus services that will drop you off on campus, and Warabrook Station is only a short walk away.
WEDNESDAYS 6:30 - 8:30 PM
Scheduled time includes 30 minute optional free practice session after 90 minute class.
MAYFIELD WEST PUBLIC SCHOOL
7 Gregson Avenue
Mayfield West NSW 2304
We are located in the School Hall of the Mayfield West Public School. Enter via the front gate that is on the left side of the pedestrian crossing, if facing the school.
COMING BY CAR
If arriving by car, there is plenty of street parking out front of the school.
COMING BY BUS
The 47 bus stops right at the door.
Whether you're looking for a long-term training program or a quick introduction to a new martial art, our credit system offers flexible payment options that put your needs first. Our credits can be used for any regular timetabled class, and as we operate in partnership with Capoeira Aruanda (Team Quebra & Serenata) as part of the Novo Flow Community, our 10 Class & Ultimate Pass credits can be used for their classes too. Our Month Pass is a "single art" pass that offers a discount for someone only studying Kali within our community.
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